US Senate aims to pass next week a bipartisan $550 billion infrastructure bill that is a cornerstone of President Joe Biden’s economic agenda, even as negotiators continued to write the legislation into the weekend.
Senators convened for an unusual Saturday session, but bipartisan negotiators failed to produce a bill by midday to allow an amendment process to begin.
Senate passage of the infrastructure bill would set the stage for later consideration of a budget resolution that could facilitate the rest of Biden economic agenda, a $3.5 trillion overhaul of policies on climate change, taxes, health care, immigration and other Democratic Party priorities.
Under Senate rules, Democrats will be able to get that approved without Republican votes, if they can stay unified on the size and scope of the package. Budget Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders said he anticipates the Senate will cancel the first week of its scheduled August recess, set to begin the week after next, to vote on it.
Schumer on Friday called the infrastructure package “a massive down payment toward rebuilding our nation’s infrastructure.”
“With the cooperation of our Republican colleagues, I believe we can finish the bipartisan infrastructure bill in a matter of days,” Schumer said.
The legislation, which would mark the biggest investment in infrastructure in decades, was negotiated by the White House and a bipartisan group of senators led by Democrat Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona and Republican Rob Portman of Ohio.
The legislation includes $110 billion in new spending for roads and bridges, $73 billion of electric grid upgrades, $66 billion for rail and Amtrak, and $65 billion for broadband expansion. It also provides $55 billion for clean drinking water and $39 billion for transit, among other areas.
The legislation’s supporters say its costs would be fully offset, in part by re-purposing $200 billion in unspent Covid-19 relief funds, sales from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, higher customs user fees and more reporting requirements on cryptocurrency transactions. It also taps a number of budget gimmicks, like counting revenue from future economic growth.
Several Republican senators, including Rick Scott of Florida and Ted Cruz of Texas, have blasted the measure’s overall price tag and said they would oppose it. Senator Bill Cassidy of Louisiana, one of the Republican negotiators, criticized the “inconsistency” of his colleagues who were all-in for former President Donald Trump’s idea for a $1.5 trillion infrastructure plan but aren’t supporting this package.
“If Republicans were on board for former President Trump, we are one-third the cost and have it paid for, it seems like something that should be acceptable, Cassidy said on Bloomberg TV.
In Friday’s vote, the second procedural hurdle for the infrastructure plan this week, 16 Republicans — including Minority Leader Mitch McConnell — voted with all 50 senators who caucus with Democrats in favor of advancing the bill.
A half-dozen Republicans didn’t vote: James Inhofe of Oklahoma, Rand Paul of Kentucky, James Risch of Idaho, Mike Rounds of South Dakota, Marco Rubio of Florida and Roger Marshall of Kansas. Risch had on Wednesday voted to advance the bill and Rounds supports the framework agreement.
Senate leaders and the negotiators dealt with last minute glitches that caused a slight delay before the vote to move forward on Friday.
Among those were last-minute changes to language on a provision for grants to states to build out broadband internet and funding for water projects.